How to Get Rid of Dandruff Flakes | Experts Complete Guide

Dandruff is a very common hair problem. Dandruff is a chronic skin condition that is known as a flaky scalp. There a lot of medical treatments and products are available that can help treat mild dandruff. However, serious cases of dandruff need prescription drugs or medicated shampoos for the treatment of hair problems. The important thing is must be aware of what causes dandruff. In this article, we will discuss symptoms, causes, and how to get rid of dandruff flakes.

How to Get Rid of Dandruff Flakes

Causes of Dandruff:

Dandruff is a common hair problem and it is caused by a lot of problems. Here are a few main causes of dandruff:

Oily Skin:

Oily skin is one of the most common causes of dandruff. This issue is characterized by an inflammation of the skin. This condition mostly affects areas that are rich in oil glands. In some cases, dandruff may be caused by Malassezia and proliferation. It is also caused by the deficiency of vitamins (vitamins B6 and B12).


Malassezia is a type of fungus that causes problems like skin inflammation and infection. This causes the skin cells to flaky and dry, thereby increasing the appearance of dandruff.

Dry Skin:

It is the most obvious cause of dandruff. Dry skin flakes that become dandruff. Basically, these flakes are small and less oily than those caused by other ways. Dandruff can also be an indication of an underlying skin condition which is not a good thing. In cases like that, you should just go for immediate treatment.

Must Read: Scalp Massage for Natural Hair Growth | Complete Guide [2020]

What Are Signs of Dandruff:

Dandruff can appear in different forms. Normally, it appears as dry flakes on your scalp and forehead. These flakes can occur on the eyebrows and the mustache and beard of men.

Signs of Dandruff

Dandruff can give your skin a scaly and crusty appearance and make your scalp itchy. This condition takes form as ‘cradle cap,’ which is the appearance of a forehead and crusty and dry scalp.

Medical Treatments of Dandruff:

There are different medical treatments are available the can help you to get rid of dandruff flakes. There are three main categories of such products that can be used in the treatment of dandruff. These include:

Anti-Inflammatory Agents:

The steroids that are used in the treatment of dandruff, like corticosteroids have an anti-inflammatory effect on the infection. It helps in the treatment by reducing the flaky appearance of the skin.

Antifungal Agents:

Antifungal Agents help to fight against any fungal infection on your forehead or scalp that cause dandruff or flaky skin. It contains selenium sulfide and zinc pyrithione, which can help to fight against the fungal infection proliferated by Malassezia furfur yeast.

Flake-Removing Agents:

The flake-removing Agents exhibit keratolytic activity through which corneocytes are loosened and washed away. The flake-removing agents like sulfur and salicylic acid may be used for this purpose.

Home Remedies to Reduce Dandruff:

If you don’t want medical treatment to fight against dandruff then follow these home remedies. These remedies help get rid of dandruff flakes naturally.

Home Remedies for Dandruff

Tea Tree Oil:

This natural oil contains antifungal properties. Apply this oil directly on your scalp or skin to kill any fungal infection that leads to dandruff and flaky skin. You just need 2-3 drops of tea tree oil and 2-3 drops of sweet almond. Mix them and apply to affected areas with the help of cotton bud or your fingers.

Coconut Oil:

Coconut oil helps you to fight against the fungal infections that can cause Malassezia. It also helps you to reduce flaky skin and dandruff. You just need 2 tablespoons of coconut oil and massage it into your scalp. Leave it on for an hour and then wash it off with a shampoo.

Onion Juice:

Research proves that the onion contains a large number of phytochemical compounds that are very helpful in the treatment of dandruff. It can help to reduce the occurrence of dandruff and eliminate the flaking of skin. Just take a half onion and extract its juice. Apply the juice of onion on your scalp and leave it for an hour and wash it off.

Aloe Vera:

Aloe vera is a great source of bioactive compounds that are very useful in the treatment of skin disorders. It also contains the antimicrobial and antifungal properties that can help fight any fungal infection, including that causing dandruff. Massage the fresh aloe vera gel into your scalp. Massage the aloe vera in your scalp in a circular motion to ensure the gel is absorbed into the scalp.


Probiotic foods like yogurt, sauerkraut, cheeses, etc contain Lactobacillus paracasei that helps to fight against dandruff. The latest research shows that Lactobacillus paracasei is very helpful to restore the normal balance of your scalp’s microbiome, thereby eliminating dandruff. You just need to consume a cup of probiotic yogurt every day.

Lemongrass Oil:

Lemongrass Oil contains a large number of bioactive compounds that are very helpful to fight against fungus. It can help to kill fungus-like Malassezia furfur that cause dandruff in your hair. Just ad 2-3 drops of lemongrass oil into your shampoo and massage generously into your scalp and then wash it.

Eucalyptus Oil

This oil is a rich source of bioactive compounds. Low levels of ceramide is also a cause of dandruff. This oil helps to increase the ceramide content of your scalp which ultimately reduces dandruff. Take 2-3 drops of eucalyptus oil and 2-3 drops of coconut oil mix it well and apply it on your scalp and leave it on for 30-45 minutes. After 45 minutes wash your hair with shampoo.


Garlic is a primary source of bioactive constituents like allicin and ajoene. The antifungal properties of garlic are very helpful to fight against fungal infection that can cause dandruff. Take some cloves of garlic, peel and crush the garlic cloves. Then add the crushed garlic to a heated saucepan with a half cup of olive oil. Heat this mixture for five minutes and strain and allow it to cool down. Then apply this mixture on your scalp and leave it on for 30-45 minutes and then wash it.


Dandruff is a very common problem of all time. There are several different reasons behind dandruff. But the main question is how to get rid of dandruff flakes. Above in this article, we discussed all the major treatments and home remedies for the treatment of dandruff. We also mentioned the causes and signs of dandruff in this article, read them also. We hope you like this article, let us know your reviews in the comment section.